Chronic venous diseases are very common. If the disease progresses, varicose veins and symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency occur which already associated with considerable impairment in quality of life. However, chronic venous leg ulcer, an open wound on the leg, is the most severe manifestation of this disorder.
With impaired blood transport in the leg, blood is not transported back to the heart quickly enough. It accumulates in the veins of the lower leg and exerts pressure on the venous walls. Fluid collects in the surrounding tissue, which makes the legs swell. This also compromises the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the skin and underlying tissue. This deficiency can lead to poorly healing wounds in the long run, which are known by a number of names, such as leg ulcer, venous leg ulcer, or open leg (ulcus cruris).
Venous insufficiency is the most significant cause of leg ulcers. In addition, deep vein thrombosis, arterial insufficiency, diabetes mellitus, infections, and other less frequent causes are involved in the development of venous leg ulcers. You should consult your doctor and seek treatment as soon as possible if you experience any of the following leg ulcer symptoms:
The following factors contribute to a higher risk of developing a venous ulcer: